Water Use Restriction
Section 1. Authority
The Town of Rutland adopts this bylaw under its police powers to protect public health and welfare and its powers under Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 40, Section 21 et seg. and implements the Town's authority to regulate water use pursuant to Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 41, Section 69B. This bylaw also implements the Town of Rutland's authority under Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 40, Section 41A, conditioned upon the declaration of a water supply emergency issued by the Department of Environmental Protection.
Section 2. Purpose
The purpose of this bylaw is to protect, preserve, and maintain the public health, safety, and welfare whenever there is in force a State of Water Supply Conservation or State of Water Supply Emergency by providing for enforcement of any duly imposed restrictions, requirements, provisions or conditions imposed the Town of Rutland or by the Department of Environmental Protection.
Section 3. Definitions
- Person - shall mean any individual, corporation, trust, partnership association, or other entity.
- State of Water Supply Emergency - shall mean a State of Water Supply Emergency declared by the Department of Environmental Protection under Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 21G, Section 15-17.
- State of Water Supply Conservation - shall mean a State of Water Supply Conservation declared by the Town pursuant to Section 4 of this bylaw.
- Water Users or Water Consumers - shall mean all public and private users of the Town of Rutland's public water system, irrespective of any person's responsibility for billing purposes for water used at any particular facility.
Section 4. Declaration of a State of Water Supply Conservation
The Town of Rutland, through its Board of Selectmen, may declare a State of Water Supply Conservation upon a determination by a majority vote of the Board that a shortage of water exists and conservation measures are appropriate to ensure an adequate supply of water to all water consumers. Public notice of a State of Water Conservation shall be given under Section 6 of this bylaw before it may be enforced.
Section 5. Restricted Water Uses
A declaration of a State of Water Supply Conservation shall include one or more of the following restrictions, conditions, or requirements limiting the use of water as necessary to protect the water supply. The applicable restrictions, conditions, or requirements shall be included in the public notice required under Section 6.
- Odd/Even Day Outdoor Watering - outdoor watering by water users with odd-numbered addresses is restricted to odd-numbered days. Outdoor watering by water users with even-numbered addresses is restricted to even-numbered days.
- Outdoor Watering Ban - outdoor watering is prohibited.
- Outdoor Watering Hours - outdoor watering is permitted only during daily periods of low demand, to be specified in the declaration of a State of Water Supply Conservation and public notice, thereof.
- Filling Swimming Pools - filling of swimming pools is prohibited.
- Automatic Lawn Sprinkler Use - the use of automatic lawn sprinkler systems is prohibited.
Section 6. Public Notification of a State of Water Supply Conservation; Notification of D. E P.
Notification of any provision, restriction, requirement, or condition imposed by the Town of Rutland as part of a State of Water Supply Conservation shall be published in a newspaper of general circulation within the Town, or by such other means reasonably calculated to reach and inform all users of water of the State of Water Conservation. Any restriction imposed under Section 5 shall not be effective until such notification is provided. Notification of a State of Water Supply Conservation shall also be simultaneously provided to the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection.
Section 7. Termination of a State of Water Supply Conservation; Notice
A State of Water Supply Conservation may be terminated by a majority vote of the Board of Selectmen, upon determination that the water supply shortage no longer exists. Public notification of the termination of a Water Supply Conservation shall be given in the same manner required by Section 6.
Section 8. State of Water Supply Emergency; Compliance with D.E.P. Orders
Upon notification to the public that a declaration of a State of Water Supply Emergency has been issued by the Department of Environmental Protection, no person shall violate any provision, restriction, requirement, or condition of any order approved or issued by the Department intended to bring about an end of the State of Emergency.
Section 9. Penalties
Any person violating this bylaw shall be liable to the Town of Rutland in the amount of $50 for the first violation and $100 for each subsequent violation which shall inure to the Town. Fines shall be recovered by indictment, on complaint before the District Court, or by non-criminal disposition in accordance with Section 21D of Chapter 40 of the Massachusetts General Laws. Each day of violation shall constitute a separate offense.
Section 10. Installation of underground sprinkler devices after July 1, 2022
Connection of underground sprinkler device to the public water supply, together with all pipes appurtenant thereto, used to water outside areas, and hereafter referred to as "system" or "systems". or extensions of existing systems will no longer be allowed after July 1, 2022. Aboveground sprinklers attached to hoses and existing systems are specifically exempt from the provisions of this section of the By-law.
Section 11. Severability
The invalidity of any portion or provision of this bylaw shall not invalidate any other portion or provision, thereof.